1. The distinctive expression of the cognitive or intellectual
character of a culture or social group.
2. Greek in origin: visible form, shape, appearance, outward show, kind, species, class
3. something that is seen or intuited:
a in Platonism : idea
b in Aristotelianism (1) : form, essence (2) : species
c : an appearance, conception, or form of intuition
4. the cognitive part of cultural structure made up of the criteria of credibility, the logic used in thinking and acting, and the basic ideas by which the members of a culture organize and interpret experience